Shango - Chango - Hevioso
Shango is the great thunder King of Oyo. There are/were other regionally recognised gods of thunder. However, Shango’s worship is by far the most popular and widespread. He is a true pan-Yoruba and pan-diaspora deity, uniting every country where praises and rhythms to the orisha resound. He is the King of the Lukumí and bastion of courage and strength.
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Dada / Abayoni (Dadda, Obañani)
Dada’s colors are red and white. His symbols are the thunderstone, cowrie shells, gems and the beaded crown Abayani. He eats ram, pigeon, guinea hen and, in some lineages, goat and rooster. His food offerings are a combination of those of Shango and those of Obatala.
We make Dada crowns the traditional way, using a perfectly round gourd as its foundation. We hand stitch money cowries and ropes and strands of red and white Czech beads.
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Sango / Shango (known as Changó or Xangô in the Diaspora; and also known as Jakuta) is an Orisha. He is syncretized with either Saint Barbara or Saint Jerome. Shango is historically a royal ancestor of the Yoruba as he was the third Alafin (king) of the Oyo Kingdom prior to his posthumous deification. Following Oduduwa, Oranyan, and Ajaka, Jakuta was the third Alafin of Oyo. Jakuta brought prosperity to the Oyo Empire during his reign.
In Professor Mason's mythological account of heroes and kings, contrary to his peaceful brother Ajaka, Jakuta was a powerful and even violent ruler. He reigned for seven years, the whole of which period was marked by his continuous campaigns and his many battles. The end of his reign resulted from his own inadvertent destruction of his palace by lightning. During his lifetime, he was married to three wives namely Oshun, Oba, and Oya.
Bascom, William, Shango in the New World. Austin Texas, 1972.
Johnson, Samuel, History of the Yorubas, London 1921 (pp. 149–152).
Lange, Dierk: "Yoruba origins and the 'Lost Tribes of Israel'", Anthropos 106 (2011), 579-595.
Law, Robin: The Oyo Empire c. 1600 – c. 1836, Oxford 1977.
Seux, M.-J., Épithètes royales akkadiennes et sumériennes, Paris 1967.
Tishken, Joel E., Tóyìn Fálọlá, and Akíntúndéí Akínyẹmí (eds), Sàngó in Africa and the African Diaspora, Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 2009.